Global Progress of Metal Additive Manufacturing
Dipl Ing Claus Aumund-Kopp
(Fraunhofer IFAM, Germany)
Mr Ralf Carlström
(Höganäs AB, Sweden)
EPMA's Special Interest Seminar on Additive Manufacturing (AM) will provide an update on the 'Global Progress of Metal Additive Manufacturing'. Presentations covering global research activities, industrial and aerospace development as well as production, and other AM related topics will give a broad coverage of activities on the AM metal arena:
Certified Metal Additive Manufacturing
by Mr Ingo Uckelmann (MATERIALISE, Germany)
Status today by far most of the ordered metal AM products at Materialise are not subject to any technical delivery conditions or certifcation. It is clear, that metal AM will gain more and more confdence, if the material properties and accuracy match the communicated properties. This makes it necessary to offer the customer the possibility to order certifed products including test reports. Furthermore the manufacturing process must be documented and trackable for the customer, sometimes for a period of ten years or even longer. Depending on the needs of the customer, it might be even necessary that the supplier fulflls different norms, in particular e.g. the ISO 13485 for medical products (compare picture 1), the EN 9100 for aeronautics and/or the ISO/TS 16949 for automotive applications. Therefore we see the need for a metal AM process chain, which can handle the automation, control and traceability required to produce certifed products.
On the Way to Additive Manufacturing: Chances & Challenges for the Future Design, Industrial Production and Materials
by Dipl Ing Peter Sander (Airbus Hamburg, Germany)
There will be an overview beginning with the most driving key factors, some enabling Material & Process details and very important how to convince stress, design and management for the new industrial value chain. Finally we will see some of the ﬂying- and demonstrator projects out of a scope >150 ongoing or fnalized ALM projects and some future industrial-, and material needs.
Patenting Behaviour in Metal Additive Manufacturing
by Dipl-Ing Judy Ceulemans (European Patent Office, Netherlands)
Additive Manufacturing is a rapidly developing technology, especially in the feld of metal (400% increase of flings in 5 years). Where the polymers get much attention in view of possible “home making” of consumer goods, the metals are a purely industrial activity, in which the European industry is at present a key player. As patents play a crucial economic role in industry, the European Patent Offce will present the application trends in AM. Using statistical analysis of the patenting data (using PATSTAT, WPI), not only an analysis of the technology but also of the fling behaviour for metal-based AM is made. Such a specifc analysis is missing at present. General studies of AM producers and processes are made on a yearly basis. The UKIPO has published a report on 3D printing in 2013, covering a number of aspects of this technology. This paper provides new data on patenting aspects in this fast developing area of metal powder processing
European Raw Additive Manufacturing Material Procurement for Space Applications
by Dr Laurent Pambaguian (ESA, Netherlands)
An Harmonisation Dossier has been fnalised in 2015 by ESA in close collaboration with all European Space stakeholders for developing Additive Manufacturing (AM) technologies for high-end space parts. Based on this dossier a roadmap has been issued collating the technological development required to mature AM toward space use. The procurement and verifcation of the raw materials has been identifed as one of the very critical elements for a successful development of these technologies. In this paper, the status of the activities undertaken to better assess the suitability of raw materials powder will be presented, including on the one hand the investigations performed within the ESA laboratories and, on the other hand, the activities pursued within Industry.
Industrialization of Additive Manufacturing at Siemens
by Dr Håkan Brodin (Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery AB, Sweden)
Additive manufacturing is today being established as a manufacturing method along traditional, well-established methods, such as turning, milling or casting. Often the additive manufacturing equipment is established in a traditional workshop environment rather than at a foundry, where focus in the workshop typically is on critical to quality aspects such as dimensions and surface properties. In the traditional workshop manufacturing route, the material is already defned and has properties that are approved according to certain standards. When the additive manufacturing equipment enters the workshop ﬂoor, new requirements are set on the infrastructure. These requirements include many items, ranging from powder handling and process parameters to process repeatability and material quality and material properties alongside with the standard workshop quality aspects. The current talk will address the industrialization of additive manufacturing at Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery, Finspång, Sweden and highlight some of the aspects that have been critical in successfully implementing the new manufacturing technology for manufacturing components for gas-turbine applications.
The Current Status and Outlook of Metal Additive Manufacturing in Japan
by Prof Hideki Kyogoku (Kinki University, Japan)
A new research association, Technology Research Association for Future Additive Manufacturing (TRAFAM), was established by the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) of Japan in FY2014 in order to perform “Manufacturing revolution program centering on 3D printing technology” including two projects of (A) Next-generation industrial 3D printers project and (B) Innovative 3D printer using a binder jetting process. By the result of these projects, it is strongly expected that the design and manufacturing technology performs innovation in the manufacturing industry in Japan, and the competitiveness of the Japanese manufacturing industry is reinforced. The membership of TRAFAM includes three academic institutions and 29 companies. The association’s mission is the development of innovative Additive Manufacturing systems that will meet the world's highest standards and the development of manufacturing technologies for high value-added products. TRAFAM is currently developing Powder Bed Fusion and Direct Energy Deposition types of metal AM machines with electron or laser beams. Two test benches and fve types of prototype AM machines have been developed at the end of FY2014. These machines have been improved in FY2015. In the presentation, the history, the current status and R&D activities of metal AM technology in Japan are introduced
Challenges of Metal Additive Manufacturing In Europe. A perspective from the EU Horizon 2020 Programme
by Mr German Esteban (European Commission, Belgium)
We need to re-industrialize the EU and bring back jobs. Additive Manufacturing (AM), including 3D-Printing, is an innovative production technology that opens the doors to a very wide range of applications, including complex shapes and new functionalities. AM can disrupt the manufacturing value chain by allowing a shift from mass production to full customization. The global manufacturing and services markets linked to Additive Manufacturing (AM) are steadily increasing over the last years. While other countries have strong and focused promotion and support strategy and policies, European AM stakeholders and EU Member States act in a fragmented manner, with gaps and ineffciencies in linking the wide range of applications, disciplines, manufacturing sectors and countries concerned. It is essential to support AM development in order to keep the European economy at the forefront of manufacturing innovation. In order to promote the establishment of a broad industrial base for AM in Europe, we need to foster the combination of efforts to raise Europe's share in the global scenario. AM has received European Commission funding since the frst Framework Programme. Under FP7 more than 60 successful projects on AM technologies were funded, with over €160 million in EC funding and a total budget of around €225 million. In Horizon 2020, and only in the Industrial Technologies Programme, already 11 AM projects were funded in 2014 and 2015 with more than €52 million in EC funding and a total budget of around €60 million. This year, Working Programmes 2016 has funded so far 6 projects with around €26 million in EU funding and budget and the fnal and increased fgures will come towards the end of the year. European Commission, the European Parliament (EP) and the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) are showing an increased interest in Additive Manufacturing and 3D Printing. The EC Digital Single Market priority will also help to further develop AM technologies and will put emphasis in the EU Digital Skills Agenda, paramount to ensure a sustainable future for the development of AM in Europe.